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WHWH: The First 8 Crashes To Be Domesticated By HUMANS

NEOLITHIC FOUNDER CROPS - THE FIRST 8 CROPS TO BE DOMESTICATED BY HUMANS

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About Crop Domestication:

It is the process of artificially selecting wild plants to increase their suitability to human requirements such as taste, yield, storage and cultivation practices.

Prior to the practice of domestication, humans catered to their feeding needs by foraging; wandering in search for food.

It was until around 11,000 years ago before humans began domestication of crops for feeding and other basic necessities. Eight main crop species were in the forefront of this domestication which occurred in the Fertile Crescent Region;

EMMER WHEAT

Originating from the Fertile Crescent of the Middle East, Emmer Wheat (a.k.a Farro Wheat) is an ancient forebear of the modern Wheat.

EINKORN WHEAT

This is acclaimed to be "man's first Wheat". Its domestication dates to around 7500 BC and currently remains one of the few unhybridized grains despite the prevalence of industrial agriculture.

BARLEY

It's earliest domestication is speculated to have been in Southwest Asia. Its position as the fourth most important cereal testifies of relevance in modern times.

LENTILS

The red pottage of Lentils is reported to have been the yummy dish for which the Biblical Esau traded his birthright 😆.

PEA

Though domesticated around 11,000 years ago, human consumption of wild peas dates back to over 23,000 years ago.

CHICKPEA

Also cultivated in the Middle East around 7500 years ago, chickpea ranks amongst the top three most important pulses in the world.

BITTER VETCH

It's popular known for its appetite crushing tendencies and said to have been used for hunger and thirst control during famine in medieval times.

FLAX

It's first appearance is said to have been at Jericho in the west bank. Flax is one of the first domesticated plants used for textile production.

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This post is based on this twitter thread.

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